This list isn’t meant to be exhaustive or comprehensive or, frankly, coherent. The idea is to include resources that I found either insightful on their own or representative of an insightful larger body of work. Alternatively, I list things that are under-appreciated but significant. The goal here is to have resources that are fairly concentrated.

I highly recommend reading specifications, e.g. the W3C specs, the RFCs, the Haskell Report, or the C# spec.

The Analytics library’s reading list is another good resource.

- erights.org
- waterken.com
- A Security Kernel Based on the Lambda Calculus - Jonathan Rees’ thesis
- Capability Myths Demolished
- Videos

- Lectures on the Curry-Howard Isomorphism
- Homotopy Type Theory (Chapter 1/2/5)
- Subtyping, Subclassing, and Trouble with OOP
- Subclassing errors, OOP style and practically checkable rules to prevent them
- Types and Programming Languages by Benjamin Pierce
- Theorems for Free! by Phil Wadler
- Categorical Logic and Type Theory by Bart Jacobs or his thesis
- Monadic and Substructural Type Systems for Region-based Memory Management

- Metropolis Light Transport
- Compressive Rendering of Multidimensional Scenes - Pradeep Sen (compressive sensing applied to computer graphics)
- http://graphics.berkeley.edu/ was BCAM

- Practical Lock-freedom - Keir Fraser’s thesis
- Understanding and Expressing Scalable Concurrency - Aaron Turon’s thesis
- A Language-based Approach to Unifying Threads and Events
- On the duality of operating system structures
- A Concurrent Window System
- Higher Order Concurrency
- The Join Calculus
- The Polymorphic Pi-Calculus - David Turner’s thesis
- Languages: Pict, Funnel/JoCaml

- Concept, Techniques, and Models of Computer Programming
- Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs and videos
- Programming Languages: Application and Interpretation by Shriram Krishnamurthi
- Declarative Continuations and Categorical Duality and Representing Monads - Andrzej Filinski’s Master’s and PhD theses
- Newspeak
- Open Extensible Object Models
- Avalanche-Safe Linq Compilation
- Lambda papers:
- First class patterns - The pattern calculus
- Out of the Tar Pit
- Assignment Calculus: A Pure Imperative Reasoning Language - Mark Bender’s thesis

- Fallacies of Distributed Computing Explained
- SELFMAN Project
- Enhanced Paxos Commit for Transactions on DHTs
- The Relaxed-Ring: A fault-tolerant topology for structured overlay networks
- In Search of an Understandable Consensus Algorithm (Extended Version)
- Consensus: Bridging Theory and Practice
- The Network is Reliable by Peter Bailis and Kyle Kingsbury
- Viewstamped Replication Revisited
- A Comprehensive study of Convergent and Commutative Replicated Data Types See also this reading list.
- Virtually Synchronous Methodology for Dynamic Service Replication
- The Log: What every software engineer should know about real-time data’s unifying abstraction
- Making reliable systems in the presence of software errors - Joe Armstrong’s thesis
- Global Computation in a Poorly Connected World: Fast Rumor Spreading with No Dependence on Conductance - (2012) Simulates the LOCAL model with the GOSSIP model surprisingly efficiently
- Optimal Gossip with Direct Addressing - (2014) Round-, message-, and bit-complexity optimal GOSSIP when you can directly address nodes you’ve learned of before.
- Simple, fast, and deterministic gossip and rumor spreading - (2014) The first efficient, fully deterministic GOSSIP protocol.
- CORFU: A Shared Log Design for Flash Clusters - I’m less interested in the flash specific parts, but the use of the sequencer is a good trick.
- Tango: Distributed Data Structures over a Shared Log - Related to CORFU, but any shared log (e.g. Kafka) would do.

- Foundations of Databases covers Datalog (a bit dated, 1995) and much more about database queries in general.
- Dedalus: Datalog in Time and Space and Hellerstein’s “The Declarative Imperative” talk
- Extending the Power of Datalog Recursion by Carlo Zaniolo
- On Active Deductive Databases: The Statelog Approach

- On Buffon Machines and Numbers
- Highly Available Transactions: Virtues and Limitations (Extended Version)
- The Power of Two Random Choices: A Survey of Techniques and Results
- Join-Idle-Queue: A Novel Load Balancing Algorithm for Dynamically Scalable Web Services
- Observed Universality of Phase Transitions in High-Dimensional Geometry, With Implications for Modern Data Analysis and Signal Processing
- Synthesis: An Efficient Implementation of Fundamental Operating System Services Alexia (formerly Henry) Massalin’s PhD thesis (1992). The ideas in this have since been elaborated, but it is a pretty fun and accessible read.
- Do the Middle Letters of ‘OLAP’ stand for Linear Algebra (‘LA’)? (and other work by Jose Nuno Oliveira)
- Typing Linear Algebra: A Biproduct-oriented Approach
- Pointfree Foundations for (Generic) Lossless Decomposition
- A Paintable Computer
- SPIN
- Sting: An End-to-End Self-healing System for Defending against Zero-day Worm Attacks on Commodity Software
- HAKMEM
- Mocks Aren’t Stubs by Martin Fowler
- Purely Functional Data Structures by Chris Okasaki (thesis or book)
- Deprecating the Observer Pattern
- Dawson Engler:
- http://pdos.csail.mit.edu/~engler/ and http://www.stanford.edu/~engler/
- KLEE: Unassisted and Automatic Generation of High-Coverage Tests for Complex Systems Programs
- Bugs as Deviant Behavior: A General Approach to Inferring Errors in Systems Code
- Checking System Rules Using System-Specific, Programmer-Written Compiler Extensions
- The Exokernel Operating System Architecture

- Daniel Bernstein - http://cr.yp.to/djb.html http://cr.yp.to/
- Rethinking Public Key Infrastructure and Digital Certificates - UProve
- Malicious Cryptography

- ARIES protocol (maybe “Stasis: Flexible Transactional Storage” as well)
- Architecture of a Database System
- Generalized Search Tree
- Joins via Geometric Resolutions: Worst-case and Beyond
- Recovery Algorithms for In-Memory OLTP Databases by Nirmesh Malviya
- Rich Hickey: Deconstructing the Database

Interval Arithmetic, Affine Arithmetic, Automatic Differentiation (Levi-Civita Field, Taylor models), Pade approximants

- Chebfun
- On Properties of Floating Point Arithmetics: Numerical Stability and the Cost of Accurate Computations by Douglas Priest (1992)
- What Every Computer Scientist Should Know About Floating-Point Arithmetic by David Goldberg
- The work of Siegfried Rump e.g. Accurate Floating-Point Summation I: Faithful Rounding
- The work of William Kahan e.g. Branch Cuts for Complex Elementary Functions or Much Ado About Nothing’s Sign Bit

- Ptolemy II
- System Design, Modeling, and Simulation using Ptolemy II
- Structure and Interpretation of Signals and Systems
- Simple and Practical Algorithm for Sparse Fourier Transform
- Spinal Codes
- StreamIT
- Foundations of Total Functional Data-Flow Programming and other papers on Sig.

- Equality Saturation: A New Approach to Optimization and related work
- The Static Single Information Form (also Static Single Information from a Functional Perspective also CPS and SSA)
- A Functional Correspondence between Evaluators and Abstract Machines (see this LtU comment for related papers)
- Definitional Interpreters for Higher-Order Programming Languages

- Bret Victor’s site
- Edward Tufte
- “The Visual Display of Quantitative Information”
- “Envisioning Information”
- “Visual Explanations”

- Scott McCloud “Understanding Comics”

- E. T. Jaynes
- “Probability Theory: the Logic of Science”
- Clearing up Mysteries
- The evolution of Carnot’s principle
- Predictive statistical mechanics
- The Gibbs Paradox
- Macroscopic Prediction
- The Well-Posed Problem, but see Failure and Uses of Jaynes’ Principle of Transformation Groups
- Confidence Intervals vs Bayesian Intervals

- Judea Pearl “Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference”
- “Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems” by Walter T. Grandy Jr.
- Physical Audio Signal Processing by Julius O. Smith
- Lectures on Probability, Entropy, and Statistical Physics by Ariel Caticha

- generatingfunctionology
- Category Theory:
- Reason Isomorphically! by Ralf Hinze
- Category Theory Lecture Notes for ESSLLI by Barr and Wells
- Toposes, Triples, and Theories by Michael Barr and Charles Wells
- Homotopy Type Theory
- Basic Concepts of Enriched Category Theory by G. M. Kelly
- Category Theory as Coherently, Constructive Lattice Theory
- Modular correspondence between dependent type theories and categories including pretopoi and topoi by Maria Maietti

- Multidigit Multiplication for Mathematicians
- The Unscented Kalman Filter for Nonlinear Estimation by Wan and van der Merwe
- Unscented Filtering and Nonlinear Estimation by Simon Julier and Jeffrey Uhlmann
- The Scaled Unscented Transform by Julier
- Imre Lakatos’ “Proofs and Refutations”
- “Where Mathematics Comes From” by Nunez and Lakoff
- Bayesian Spectrum Analysis and Parameter Estimation by George Bretthorst
- Synthetic Differential Geometry by Anders Kock
- Universal Algorithmic Intelligence: Sequential Decisions Based on Algorithmic Probability by Marcus Hutter (AIXI)
- The Fastest and Shortest Algorithm for All Well-Defined Problems by Marcus Hutter
- The behavioral approach to open and interconnected systems by Jan C. Willems
- Behavioural differential equations: a coinductive calculus of streams, automata, and power series by J. J. M. M. Rutten
- A=B by Petkovsek, Wilf, Zeilberger
- Synthetic topology of data types and classical spaces
- Internal Set Theory and Radically Elementary Probability Theory by Edward Nelson
- On Feasible Numbers by Vladimir Sazonov

- Characterizing people as non-linear, first-order components in software development by Alistair Cockburn
- “Switch: How to change things when change is hard” by Chip and Dan Heath
- “Don’t think of an elephant: know your values and frame the debate” by George Lakoff
- “Helping” by Edgar Schein
- “Process Consultation Revisited” by Edgar Schein
- “How to win friends and influence people” by Dale Carnegie
- Valve’s New Employee Handbook
- “Thinking, Fast and Slow” by Daniel Kahneman
- “Predictably Irrational” by Dan Ariely
- John Sterman’s work e.g.
- “Resonate” by Nancy Duarte
- “Cradle to Cradle” and “The Upcycle”
- “Emotional First Aid: Healing Rejection, Guilt, Failure, and Other Everyday Hurts” by Guy Winch
- “The Squeaky Wheel” by Guy Winch
- “Influence” and “Presuasion” by Robert Cialdini

- Kieran Egan’s work
- “Mindstorms” by Seymour Papert

- “The Gift of Pain” by Dr. Paul Brand
- Why Most Published Research Findings Are False by John P. A. Ioannidis
- Deming, data and observational studies: a process out of control and needing fixing
- How to Write a Great Research Paper by Simon Peyton Jones